10 STEPS FOR GUPPY BREEDING: Complete Guide

Guppies are very attractive to our eyes, as we see them swim in our aquarium. These ornamental fishes are the solution for reducing our stress in daily life. Guppies have a lot of strains with different kinds of colors and this is the reason why they called a million fish or rainbow fish. This hobby is really enjoyable and easy to do. However, guppy breeding needs the right materials to prevents the cause of their stress and death.

Albino Full Red Guppy



As a guppy breeder, choosing good quality materials for guppy breeding is dedicated to their genetics. If the guppy strain came to a high-quality line their fries inherited the characteristic of their parents.

The decision for selecting a guppy breeder is important to avoid wasting money and time. Imagine that the low-quality guppies and high-quality guppies have the same time that you need to spend with them including their food that you feed them.

These are the “10 steps for guppy breeding” that I’d like to recommend especially for those newbies that want to start their guppy breeding. All the details that I like to share are base on my personal experience and It is effective for me.

10 STEPS FOR GUPPY BREEDING: Complete Guide

10 STEPS FOR GUPPY BREEDING: Complete Guide

Step 1: Selecting Guppy Strain

Selecting Guppy Strain
It is better to focus on one guppy strain to familiarize their habits and habitat.

The genetic line of the guppy (genes) is one of the most important that you need to know, especially the line of their parents. This is the first step that I’m doing if I have select guppy breeding materials.

Selecting guppy breeding materials will start with their strain, colors, and patterns. The high-quality male guppy has a characteristic with its long dorsal fin, wide tail, beautiful colors, and genetic line. While the female guppy selection was focus on their body shape and rounded tails.

Step 2: Guppy Breeding Ratio

Guppy Ratio Breeding
Guppy ratio has 2 kinds, either pair or trio. It gives the right balance for producing their fries.

Let’s say I’d like to start breeding a Dumbo Ear Mosaic Guppies and aside from their genetics, colors, and amazing fins. The ratio of the guppy breeders will result in the right balance of producing their fries. Yet, don’t forget that their body size relies on their age.

The pairing of the guppy fish is like the other species in the wild, one male and one female. It’s better to select a good quality pair guppy for their breeding session. However, the other guppy experts advise that the better ratio for guppy breeding is two females and one male. This kind of ratio is called “trio“, a term for those guppy experts that this kind of combination will produce a balanced amount of fries and maintain their quality line.

Step 3: Guppy Age

Guppy Age
It is best to choose a juvenile age of guppy, to prevent the better line of the guppy strain.

At they’re a young age, the one-month-old guppy starts to show their gender and colors. The guppy will able to starts their breeding at the age of one and a half months. You will start to notice the gender of the male guppy with his anal fin and a gravid spot for the female guppy.

It is important that your guppies start to breed at a very young age, it will maintain the high quality of their genes for the first up to third drops. If the guppy still breeding at their adult stage, the fourth generation onward has a big chance to drop low-quality fries which commonly called “Cull Guppies“.



Step 4: Avoid Sick Guppy

Guppy Fin Rot
Sample of sick guppy with fin rot.

It is crucial to determine if the guppies have sick or not, render a lot of time to check the guppy that you want to start breeding. Avoid picking a sick guppy before starting breeding, it is hard to notice if the guppy has sick especially for those newly guppy breeders, remember that you must know the characteristic of the sick guppy before you buy them. Clamp fin, ich (white spot), fin & tail rot, dropsy, mouth fungus, open wounds & swim bladder disorder are the common diseases that you will found in a guppy.

Selecting a healthy material for breeding guppies is needed to prevent their long life during guppy breeding. Healthy guppies can drop a healthy and high amount of guppy fries, it also prevents the high stress for female guppies after they giving birth to their fries.

Step 5: Guppy Breeding Tank

Guppy Breeding Tank

To start guppy breeding, you must prepare a tub or aquarium for the guppy’s new home. Remember that the water you pour on their new home is old or stock water. The water that has chlorine or other chemicals contained in the water will kill your guppy fish, so remember to dechlorinate your water for at least three days. Dechlorinate means to let the water in an open basin and the chlorine will evaporate. The water quality for them is necessary to avoid their sudden death.

After your prepare, add rock salt into the water. The amount of rock salt is one teaspoon per 5 gallons if you do a 100% water change or if the tub or tank is a new set-up. It will remove the unnecessary bacteria or parasites that stay in the water that may cause the diseases in your guppy fish. You can also add methylene blue to your guppy that you buy from other guppy breeders or pet shops.

Step 6: Water Acclimation

Acclimate Guppy Fish
Acclimate your guppies for 15-30 minutes and 1-2 hours if you bought in another town or country.

Our guppy needs to acclimate before they introduce themselves to their new home. It is important to match the water temperature from the water inside of the plastic to the new water tank.

However, if you suddenly put your guppies to the water and do not acclimate them, it has an instance that the guppies will experience temperature shock that will cause their death. The water acclimation procedure will last for 15-30 minutes.

Step 7: Water Temperature

Water Temperature for Guppy
Any kinds of thermometer are good for our tank. Make sure it is accurate.

Very cold water for our guppy will be worst for their health. 23-27 Celcius or 73-80 Fahrenheit temperature of the water will cause diseases for our guppy. Ideally, the suggested temperature for our guppy will be safe for 28-30 Celcius or 82-86 Fahrenheit.

It is better to have a shallow water level, and the guppy breeder will adjust to the cold temperature especially during the rainy season. Don’t forget to regular water change the tub to avoid an ammonia spike.



Step 8: Guppy Food

Guppy Fish Food
High crude protein is good for our guppies, especially live food that can boost the growth of them.

It is important to give them the right food and make sure to provide them a high protein feed or live food. Acquire a better diet for the guppy breeders that may boost their growth and produce a lot of fries.

Give them an exact amount of feed and live food that they consume immediately. Avoid overfeeding the guppies which should be affected to their health. Overfeeding may cause dropsy and internal parasite that harmful to our guppies. If they didn’t consume their food immediately, the water will be contaminated.

Step 9: Regular Water Change

Regular Water Change for Guppy
Regular water change for our guppies stays strong and healthy. Don’t forget to put rock salt.

Do not forget to water change often to avoid the stress and sickness of our guppies. It is ideal to clean the tub or tank every 3 days, remove the poop and other derbies circulating in the tank. It is equivalent to 30%-50% of water change every 3 days.

Make sure to add again a little amount of rock salt (just sprinkle) and water conditioner that available in any pet store. It will help the guppy become active and healthy.

Step 10:Giving Birth of Female Guppy

Female Guppy Giving Birth
After the giving birth of a female guppy and fries are ready to swim. Remove them to avoid eating them.

Female guppy will be pregnant after 2 weeks, start to monitor your female guppy and avoid them to remove on their tank that may cause stress or death. Start to monitor the pregnant guppies and put a floating plant in their tank as a hiding place for their babies.

After she gives birth to her fries, wait for 24 hours and check her tummy. If you notice that her tummy was already small, it’s time to separate the fries in another tub and the female guppy will rest for 1 week alone. After a week she will ready again for another breeding and repeat the process.

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