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4 TIPS TO DAPHNIA CULTURE IN GREEN WATER: That No Need to Spend Lot of Money

Daphnia culture in green water is the easiest way and tested of some fishkeepers. Live food is essential to any ornamental fish, especially for our guppies. Like Daphnia, It is commonly known as water fleas have a very high protein content which is good for our guppies and it is easy to culture this kind of live food.

Daphnia has two kinds, Magna and Moina. Daphnia stays in stagnant water like in the rice field and they massively reproduce by consuming these microalgae. These microalgae should be found in any green water (chlorella) and these are unicellular species that exist individually or in groups.

How to Culture Daphnia


Daphnia culture in green water gives an unlimited source of live food for every fish keeper. Although it has different kinds of methods, daphnias massively produce by feeding them green water. This green water has microplankton organisms which are the main source of food for daphnias.

But before that, I would like to emphasize to you the food chain and benefits of daphnia for our ornamental fishes. As a fish keeper, I also use this as alternate fish food for my guppies since it has lots of benefits for my fish.

Daphnia does not like direct sunlight, they like a cool area with a temperature of 69° F or 21° C, so make sure to put them in a shaded area or put a cover the container. Daphnia can survive for 3-4days without any intensive care.

Daphnia also needs deep water to make them multiply while they receive direct sunlight during noon-time, most of the daphnia hides in the bottom of the container to avoid the heat in direct sunlight and suddenly crashed them.

How to Culture Daphnia Using Green Water

On this topic, I will share a few methods to culture them and massively reproduce your daphnia culture in green water (chlorella) to provide your guppies an unlimited live food with a reach in high protein.



Provide a clean empty container with at least 5-20 inches of height. Your container must have deep water to start your daphnia culture in green water. Much better if the container has a wide size to rapidly multiply the daphnia.

The color of the container is not really required but if you have a dark color container it’s better. Dark containers like black color make the water cooler during summer time. Since daphnia wants to have a little privacy during the breeding stage, It is better for them that their container is a dark color.

However, in any kind of container like a basin, aquarium tank, or even a small container the daphnia can produce their numbers rapidly. Remember that the daphnia culture in green water is the reason why these water fleas can multiply faster.


Green Water for Daphnia

Culturing Daphnia in green water is the first step that you needed. The daphnia will consume all the small microplankton organisms that provide by the green water.

The green water came from any decomposing materials like a dead animal, fish poop, or even aquatic plants. If you want to learn more about the culturing of green water, check this content and it will help you a lot to start your chlorella culture.



An aerator is essential to any organisms that live in the water since it helps them to provide oxygen and reproduce massively. The Low pressure of aeration for daphnia is good enough for them to avoid that being killed. Aside from that, it also helps to circulate the green water in the container.

It also helps to circulate the microplankton and keep them alive. This is why the aeration in the water is important to create avoid the unwanted smell caused by decomposing materials in the green water.



Yeast is one of the food sources for daphnia culture. Aside from that, yeast is one of the most important to build the chlorella in the water. On the other hand, it is highly recommended that do not overfeed your daphnia that might cause a sudden crashed in your culture.

Feeding them with yeast is optional since your culture starts to feed the phytoplankton in the green water. In my experience, when I try to feed them yeast it is not easy to calculate the exact amount of yeast that you need to give them, or maybe I am not lucky to this method.


The success of your guppy breeding or any ornamental fish relies on the food that you giving to them like daphnia culture in green water. A high content protein will be the key to the fast growth of your fishes and this is the purpose of daphnia.

Aside from the baby brine shrimp, this is the first food that we can provide to your fingerlings. It can save a lot of money if you start to culture the daphnia. Unlike the baby brine shrimp, you need to buy them in the market

LIST OF LIVE FOOD FOR GUPPIES – Best Live Food of Guppy Hobbyist

Ornamental fishes like guppy are popular right now in the fishing hobby with their colorful fin and tails guppies give beauty to our community tank. But most of the hobbyists didn’t know what is the best live food for guppies.

Best Live Food for Guppies
Infographic of live food for guppies


Live food for guppies is essential while their breeding stage causes their fast growth and producing a lot of fries. During their fry stage, live food like baby brine shrimp is applicable for the guppy fries until their adult stage.

Culturing live food gives unlimited production for the daily Best Fish Food for Guppies
fish food of the guppies. However, not all live food can culture to multiply their race. One of them is the baby brine shrimp and I will explain later all about the baby brine shrimp and how to hatch them.

Remember that culturing live food needs some materials. Like the other microorganism, they also need to eat and multiply. However, Most of the live food for guppies is easy to crash since you remove them from their natural habitat and transfer them to other containers.



Baby Brine Shrimp is one of the best live food for guppies or any ornamental fish. It has contained nutritional properties for a new hatch, ranging from 50% to 60% high protein. However, baby brine shrimp has different kinds of brands in the market.

The hatching rate of baby brine shrimp depends on the brand of the bbs. It has an 80% to 95% succeding hatching rate. The materials to hatch the baby brine shrimps are an air pump, air hose, bottle, and bbs cap. Additionally, bbs require rock salt and baking soda to hatch the bbs properly. Additionally, the hatching time for the bbs is from 12 hours up to 36 hours.



It is a tiny creature living in a freshwater environment ranging from acidic swamps and to rivers. The spiny water flea’s reproduction rate is rapidly sustained in any aquatic place. Unlike the baby brine shrimp, daphnia is free to catch in any swampy areas, and no need to spend plenty of cash to buy them.

Daphnia is a great option for baby brine shrimp. Like the other ornamentals fishes, It is essential to have this kind of live food that helps for their fast growth. It also has a high protein content that good for our guppies.

Culturing Daphnia species is quite simple, but you must need a tub with green water. The microplankton organism requires sunlight to live and grow. Daphnia will thrive faster after they consume this little organism’s built-in green water.



Tubifex Worm is a freshwater species that lives in rivers, sediments of lakes, and occasionally sewer lines. Tropical fishes like guppies can boost their growth rapidly. It is also a popular diet for many kinds of ornamental fishes because it’s rich in protein and fat.

Tubifex worms can gather in an open canal or sewers that often can see in our places. However, this species has had lots of problems over the years. Harvesting tubifex worm in the sewer or open bodies of water carries various diseases. But most of the keepers treated this worm by putting antibiotics before they gave it to their fishes.

Most fish keepers did not intend to culture these, while the other fish hobbyist tried to culture these worms because they help to have unlimited live food. Tubifex worm has different sizes that need to slice into little pieces and consume for the guppy fries.


Grindal Worm

The Grindal Worms (Enchytraeus buchholzi/) is a small white worm that lives in the land soil that will be found anywhere. This kind of worm contains a high protein that good for our guppy fries and adult guppies. Culturing the grindal worm is the solution for unlimited supplies of live food. Juvenile and adult guppies love to eat these.


Guppy Sick

Live food for guppies is extremely helpful to their growing stage. However, during the cold weather, it is not advisable to pump your guppies any live food. The metabolism of our guppies is slower than the warm weather. Giving live food is better for just once a day and clean your aquarium often to avoid sickness for our guppies.


Live food for guppies is essential, especially if you are a new breeder, don’t forget to feed them daily or every other day and it will boost their growth and produce lots of fries. Overfeeding the guppies of live food will cause them an internal parasite and the life of the guppies will be short.

All the live food that I mention has advantages and disadvantages since they’re coming from a different environment with lots of bacteria and parasites.

4 SIGNS OF FEMALE GUPPIES ABOUT GIVING BIRTH: Complete Care and Guide for Guppies

As a guppy breeder, the 4 signs of female guppies about giving birth are one of my guides to achieve lots of guppy fries and avoid the sudden death of their mother. I feel so excited when I see my guppies have massively produced fries. Imagine that pairing guppy with one male and one female can multiply up to 5x.

The 4 signs of female guppies about giving birth, which will help to produce 30-50 fries in just one drop (giving birth). However, during the first time of giving birth, they produce 5-15 pieces of guppy fries.

4 Signs of Female Guppies is About Giving Birth Infographic

In this article, “I will discuss the 4 signs of female guppies about giving birth and how to take care of them”. But before that, if you start to aggregate your guppies and they start to breed. Monitor the guppy female and you will notice some changes to her.

In this stage, your guppy female is pregnant and soon will produce lots of fries. But before your female guppy drops her fries, it is suggested to separate them from their partner (male guppy) to avoid eating their fry. It is the right time to monitor the female guppy before they drop their fries. It is concluded to feed fish food to your female guppies and avoid them making them hungry. It is a secret method of the guppy breeders by eating also their baby fries.



Guppy Belly Shape
Female guppy starts to have a curve on her belly. It is easy to notice if you saw her in a top view. This sign means she is pregnant.

Female guppies have a big and rounded belly formation. Even if you check them in top view you will notice that their tummy is starting to have a curve, unlike their normal belly. Having an almost “Box Shape” with the bottom of their tummy is one of the signs that they are pregnant.


Guppy Gravid Spot
Gravid Spot has a large dark spot near the anal part of the female guppies and yellow or orange in albino strain guppies.

All the female guppies will develop a gray to a dark spot near their anal and it is called a gravid spot. Not only a grayish or dark spot you will be noticed in all the female guppies. The gravid spot has an orange or pinkish color, especially for yellow and albino female guppies.

If you notice that the gravid spot of female guppies is large with dark spots, it indicates that they are pregnant and female guppies about giving birth anytime. Sometimes you will notice the eye of fry at the gravid spot.


Guppy Nesting
Sign that the female guppy will give birth anytime soon. Avoid disturbing her or transfer to other containers during this stage.

The female guppies about giving birth need to isolate themselves in the guppy community. If they are starting to hide or else in they are in the corner of the tank. It’s better to remove the pregnant guppy to avoid contact with the other guppies. She will also become more aggressive and might attack the male guppies attempting to mate her.

In this situation avoid, you have plenty of time to remove her from your community tank and separate her. It is highly suggested to put the female guppy alone in a tank and add a floating plant for her. Anytime soon she will give birth a guppy fries and during this time, do not disturb her until she finishes her giving birth.


Guppy Contraction and Rapid Breathing
Female guppy will start to rapid breathing as a sign that she will give birth anytime. Do not interrupt her during this period to avoid stress.

Like the human being, guppy does contraction and rapid breathing if they’re near to giving birth. They tried to flex their caudal fin so the tails come up as they prepare to give birth.

When the female guppies about giving birth, they will also tend to breathe rapidly as the oxygen level in their bodies decreases. This last method has a 90% probability that your guppy female will give birth within them or the next day. It is better to separate immediately to avoid them eating their fries.


These are the 4 signs that you need to remember and consider that your female guppies are going to give birth very soon. This kind of method will help you to increase the mortality rate of your guppy fries. However, make sure to put the female guppies in an isolation box or add the tank with floating plants.

RED SPOT ON GUPPY – Learn the Causes, Symptoms and 1 Week Accurate Treatment

The red spot on guppy or the other fishkeeper called it open red sore can see obviously in any ornamental fishes especially in the guppy fish. It is red blood wounds in the skin of the fishes. The red spot is caused by a bacterial infection, parasites, and poor water conditions.

For a newly set-up tank and does not develop any beneficial bacteria, it is better to use a water conditioner that is available in any aquatic store. The water conditioner helps to remove the harmful chlorine, neutralizes chloramine, creates clear water, buffers pH levels, helps the fish recovers from stress, and avoids the high ammonia level in the water.

Fish food is essential to our guppies especially if the fish food has mixed garlic content. It prevents sickness and diseases for our guppies. So it is better to choose the best fish food for them and they will be healthy and live long.


Red Spot Causes on Guppy

The red spot on guppy is caused by poor quality water that starts to develop high ammonia levels in the water which can result in our guppies have sick, stress, or even death. The poor quality condition of the water is one of the reasons caused by ammonia burn or poisoning. 

Overfeeding and fish poop will be converted to a high ammonia level of the water. So if we didn’t remove immediately all the decomposed material to your tank it will result have a red spot or other diseases of your guppies.

It is also caused by poor filter media. The filter media helps to filter all the decomposed waste like dead fish, unconsumed fish food, and poop inside of the tank. Good filter media helps to fight ammonia.


Red Spot Symptoms on Guppy

The common symptoms of red spot on guppy which infected by red spots are skin sore, reddish fins, and tails of the guppies. These kinds of disease are easy to cure and the mortality rate for our guppies are too little. However, if you ignored them, it has a high possibility that your guppies will have died soon.


Guppy Red Spot Treatment Infographic

Remember that to prevent the illness of the guppies will depend on how you give time to cure them. The most important is to isolate the suspected guppies to their community or during their guppy breeding to avoid the other guppies will be infected.

Success rate: Estimated of 90%-95%.

Day 1:

  • Isolate the guppies infected by a red spot to a hospital tank with stock/old water. 
  • Then add ¼ teaspoon of rock salt.
  • Do not feed your guppy.

Other option 

  • If your guppies are already alone in your tank, start to water change about 30%. 
  • Then add ¼ teaspoon of rock salt.
  • Do not feed your guppy.

Day 2:

  • Monitor your sick guppy if he/she is still active and has no sign of stress.
  • Feed your guppy with a little amount of live food that they consume immediately. (It’s recommended that you give them baby brine shrimp). Feed the guppy during the morning and afternoon.
  • Siphon the poop of your guppy. The water will remove now about 10-20 percent.
  • Add a stock/old water.

Day 3:

  • Check the red spot on guppy if it is any changes.
  • Add Melafix by API or Methelyn Blue (Check the instruction label).
  • Continue feeding of live food (Baby brine shrimp from morning to afternoon).

Other Option

  • Remove the poop during the water change. (20%-30% water change).
  • Add a small amount of rock salt (one sprinkle only). Do this If you don’t have Melafix or Methelyn Blue.

Day 4:

  • Do not water if you apply Melafix or Methelyn Blue.
  • Continue Feeding of live food. (Baby brine shrimp from morning to afternoon).

Other Option

  • Remove the poop of the guppy (20%-30% water change).
  • Do not add rock salt.

Day 5:

  • Add Melafix. Read the label instruction. or add 1 drop liquid of Methelyn Blue.
  • Continue Feeding of live food. (Baby brine shrimp from morning to afternoon).

Other Option

  • Remove the poop of the guppy (20%-30% water change).
  • Add a small amount of rock salt. (one sprinkle)

Day 6 & 7:

  • Monitor your guppy and check the red spot on guppy if already fade or gone.
  • If still have a red spot, continue the treatment using Melafix every other day to avoid the overdose of the guppies or 1 drop of Methelyn Blue.
  • Continue the feeding method. Morning and afternoon using baby brine shrimp.

Final Day

  • If the red spot has already gone, you treated your guppy successfully and you can now join them in your community tank.



  • Make sure to clean your tank often and remember, that “prevention is better than cure“, especially for the red spot on guppy. Clean your tank every twice weekly for about 20%-30% and remove the poop and excess fish food that causes the high ammonia level in your tank.
  • Add additional filter media that helps to develop beneficial bacteria for our guppies and the ammonia will convert to good bacteria. 
  • Another solution is to add a snail such as an apple snail or ramshorn snail that cleans or eats the excess fish food and poop to your tank.
  • Do not overfeed your guppies and maintain the small amount of food especially the fish food pellet that has a high ammonia effect on our tank if our fish did not consume it immediately.
  • Use the heater to make warm the water. Coldwater will develop fast the bacteria that may cause the red spot.

Final Thoughts

These methods for the red spot on guppy that I share with you are already effective to cure my guppies. All in all, the good quality of the water will prevent your guppies to have sick and do not forget the rock salt for them. The rock salt helps to slime the body of the guppies and avoid the bacteria stick to their bodies. It is also less the stress of our guppies if you put a little amount of rock salt every time you water change your tank.

13 BEST FISH FOOD FOR GUPPIES | Ultimate Guppy Breeders Guide

Best fish food for guppies is essential, even though they eat common fish food like algae in the wild, the different variety of fish food can bring the result of their full potential of growth and gives a good result to their health. The high protein content of fish food will be the key to their beautiful colors and body shape. 


Guppies are tropical fishes that live in shallow water. But before they knew these guppies they start to call them a million fish or rainbow fish and as time went on, these rainbow fish was slowly transformed into different kinds of strains. Guppy fish has a lot of colors, patterns, and different kinds of tails shape that why a lot of people all over the world loves to care for them.

But for the beginner that wants to start caring for them, they’re confused about what is the best fish food for guppies. Like the other tropical fishes, guppies can eat live food and commercial pellet that are available in the market or pet store.

Best fish food for guppies is very essential including the content of the fish food. Quality fish food for our guppies can develop their ability to fast their breeding stage, produce lots of fries, enhance their color, increase their immune system, and provide a beautiful longfin and tails.

BEST FISH FOOD FOR GUPPIES (Ultimate Guppy Breeders Guide)

Best Fish Food for Guppies Infographic

This is the list of best fish food for guppies that able to give them. Fish food for guppies has a lot of content and method to feed them. Make sure to check their label or learn more about the content of the fish food.

  1. Commercial Pellets
  2. Colored Flakes
  3. Floating Pellets
  4. Sinking Pellets
  5. Spirulina Tablet / Flake
  6. Frozen Blood Worm
  7. Tubifex Worm
  8. Mosquito Larvae
  9. Daphnia Magna and Moina
  10. Grindal Worm
  11. Baby Brine Shrimp
  12. Decapsulated Baby Brine Shrimp
  13. Instant Baby Brine Shrimp



Guppies are omnivores and it is suggested to offer them the best fish food for guppies such as high-quality flake fish food or even a frozen live food as possible. In other words, if you overfeed the guppies it will be also harmful to them. The commercial pellet can cause high ammonia to your tank if the guppies do not consume it immediately.

Giving a little amount of commercial fish food is enough for them. Importantly, if you decided to give them live food like the tubifex worm, make sure to clean the tank every other day to prevent the disease it carries that will be harmful also to our guppies.


Summary of Feeding Fish Food For Guppies Infographic


  • Morning – Fish Food Pellet
  • Noon – Live Food
  • After Noon – Fish Food Pellet
  • Evening – Fish Food Pellet / Live Food

You can adjust the feeding time for guppies. During this season, guppy has a fast metabolism and it’s better to give the best fish food for guppies.


  • Morning – Fish Food Pellet
  • Evening – Fish Food Pellet

It’s better to feed them commercial fish food since the guppies have a slow metabolism during rainy or cold weather.


  • Every 1-2x per week

It’s highly suggested that you give a food supplement to the guppies because it gives the best result to their health and also enhances their colors. Aside from that spirulina tablets is the best fish food for guppies and boost the immunity of your guppies to avoid sickness during cold weather.


1. Commercial Fish Food Pellet


One of the best fish food for guppies are commercial fish food pellets that is available in any fish store, it has many kinds of brands and has a different mix of content. The commercial pellet has different sizes like fish food powder for fry and granules for a juvenile to adult size.

Most commercial fish food mixture contains crude protein, fat, fiber, omega 3, moisture, spirulina, etc. It is one of the best fish food and required for our guppies that they can eat high protein pellets to enhance their beauty and maximize their potential to have longfins and tails.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Tateh Premium)

  • Crude Protein – 33% min.
  • Fat – 7% min.
  • Fiber – 5% min.
  • Crude Ash – 12% min.
  • Moisture – 12% min.

2. Colored Flakes Fish Food


Colored flakes are almost the same in commercial pellets. It enhanced also their coloration, boosts the immune system, and contains minerals that need for our guppies. On the other hand, the texture and color of flakes are far different in commercial pellets. 

To clarify, when I was using these flakes on my guppies, I notice that if you give them a huge amount of flakes and they did not consume that immediately, the colored flakes dissolve faster and their color will cause a stain in the water. So make sure that give your guppies a small number of flakes to prevent ill or killing of the guppies.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Omega One)

  • Crude Protein – 42% min.
  • Fat – 12% min.
  • Fiber – 2% min.
  • Crude Ash – 5% min.
  • Moisture – 8.5% min.

3. Floating Pellets Fish Food


These pellets are fed only to large fish such as goldfish, molly, cichlid, and other large tropical fish. It is also another option of best fish food for guppies. Why?.. like what I experience before during the pandemic of covid-19 are spreading all over the world and I was running out of fish food for my guppies. The floating pellets are my savior, I crushed them into tiny pieces to make them granules size and give them to my guppies.

Floating pellets also provide an average amount of protein and other nutrients for ornamental fishes. You can use these floating pellets as alternative fish food for your juvenile and adult guppies. To sum up, it is better to have during an emergency rather than then cannot eat in a whole day.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Unbranded)

  • Crude Protein – 35% min.
  • Fat – 5% min.
  • Fiber – 3% min.
  • Crude Ash – 13% min.
  • Calcium – 2% min.
  • Lysine – 0.5% min.
  • Na Cl – 3% min.
  • Moisture – 10% min.

4. Sinking Pellets Fish Food


Aside from floating pellets, the other choice of fish food that you can provide to your guppies is sinking pellets. It has a good crude protein, crude fat, and crude fibers that allow to your guppies become healthier. 

Sinking pellets comes to have different brands and it is suggested to check the content label provided by the manufacturer. The sinking pellets can feed any ornamental fishes like guppies. It may boost the strength against diseases, immune resistance, and color enhancement of the guppies.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Tateh Premium)

  • Crude Protein – 33% min.
  • Fat – 7% min.
  • Fiber – 5% min.
  • Crude Ash – 12% min.
  • Moisture – 12% min.

5. Spirulina Tablet / Flake


Our guppies require high fish food supplements that provide many benefits to boost their health and avoid sickness. Spirulina tablets have a high nutrient content with organic materials to support the naturals source of vitamins and minerals. It also boosts the energy production and immune system of our guppies.

Spirulina contains a microscopic blue-green algae, which is a source of thiamine, chlorophyll, vitamins B6 and B12, riboflavin, iron, as well as antioxidants, selenium, and vitamin K. Spirulina has three kinds of fish food, table, powder, and flakes. All of these kinds can feed them your guppies or other tropical fishes.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (zoomed)

  • Crude Protein – 45% min.
  • Fat – 4% min.
  • Fiber – 3% min.
  • Moisture – 8% min.

6. Frozen Blood Worm Live Food


The frozen blood worm has a 100% nature fish bait that preserves in high-quality frozen production. This kind of fish food is suitable for any ornamental or marine fishes which have multi-vitamins, fat, and protein content.

It’s more like in tubifex worm. But the bloodworm was made to be frozen, which means that it was already clean and preserves the high protein needed for our guppies. In short, If you do not have enough time to get, hatch or maintain your live food. This frozen blood worm is a better option for feeding your guppies.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (HikariUSA)

  • Protein – 3.5% min.
  • Fat – 0.3% min.
  • Fiber – 0.7% min.
  • Moisture – 94.5% min.
  • Phosphorus – 0.01% min.
  • Vitamin C – 10mg/kg min.
  • Vit. B2 – 2mg/kg min.
  • Vit. B12 – 200µg/kg min.

7. Tubifex Worm Live Food


Tubifex worms can be found in sediments lakes or rivers. Similarly, it is also found in any part of the canal or drainage. The tubifex worm carries different kinds of bacteria and organic materials that live in their habitat. However, fish keepers find ways to decontaminate them to be able to feed them in any ornamental fish.

Like frozen blood worms, the tubifex worm has two kinds. Live and dried frozen. These tubifexes have the same nutritious high protein and fat content that can feed our guppies. Importantly this live food can boost the growth of your guppies but consequently, your fish must be less healthy and colorful than the other fish food with a more balanced diet.

8. Mosquito Larvae Live Food


Mosquito larvae are extremely simple to culture and contain a high protein nutrient for our guppies. But it has 15 days period to transform the larvae into a mosquito which has a possibility to carry a deadly virus like dengue.

Culturing mosquito larvae can start in your backyard. Stock empty water and place a banana peel as a food starter for the larvae. After 7 days you can harvest the mosquito larvae and can feed them to your guppies. Like the other live food, mosquito larvae can boost the growth of your fish.

9. Daphnia Live Food (Moina & Magna)


Daphnia contains a good quality protein that can feed for fries, juvenile, and adult guppies. These tiny creatures live and massively produce in a stagnant swampy area. They can multiply a hundred to thousand for a couple of minutes by feeding them a microplankton substance produce by the green water.

Daphnia’s can culture in your backyard by feeding them yeast, green water, or even the water that you remove in the aquarium. This is the reason that most of the guppy breeders love to culture this because it was easy to care for them.

10. Grindal Worm Live Food


Another easy to culture is the grindal worm, this small white relative of earthworm that lives and reproduces in any wet soil around the world. This is prolific and appeals to a wide variety of fish such as terrestrial amphibians and invertebrates.

It has contained a good amount of protein so it also boosts the growth of our guppies. It is also one of the best fish food for guppies that need to culture them in a small container, wet coconut fiber, and dog food to let them multiply rapidly.

11. Baby Brine Shrimp Live Food


The most commonly live food is used by guppy breeders. Besides, baby brine shrimp requires plenty of time to hatch. Baby brine shrimp need to bottle, aerator, water, and salt to hatch them.

It requires to reach 18-24 hrs hatching time that to be able to feed in the guppies. Baby brine shrimp is not difficult to find, it is available to buy in any online shop, pet store, or other guppy breeders.

12. Decapsulated Baby Brine Shrimp


Decapsulated Baby Brine Shrimp is ready-to-eat fish food, which means that it is a non-hatching live food that you can give to your guppies. However, some decapsulated baby brine shrimp requires mixing in a cup of water before you feed them to your guppies. It optimizes impact on water quality and eliminates ammonia.

Like baby brine shrimp, the decapsulated baby brine shrimp are also the best fish food for guppies and also available in any online store, aquatic pet store, and other guppy breeders. Decap BBS for short comes from a lot of different brands and you need to be aware of the content on it. Find a high protein content that has a minimum of 50% which is good for our guppies.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Brine Shrimp Direct)

  • Protein – 53.6% min.
  • Acid Fat – 7.3% min.
  • Fiber – 19.6% min.
  • Moisture – 8.3% min.
  • Ash – 4.9% min.

13. Artificial Artemia


Like decapsulated baby brine shrimp, the artificial artemia is also the best fish food for guppies and it is ready to mix or instant baby brine shrimp that can feed directly to any ornamental fishes like guppies. Otherwise, It is not needed to hatch or mix any water before you feed in your guppies.

Guppy breeders that join in any guppy show use this alternative fish food to condition their guppies before the day of the guppy show. Artificial artemia avoids the high impact of ammonia in the water. This guppy fish food will enhance the digestion of fry and raise the survival rate of fry.

Sample content from the manufacturer.

Brand: (Ocean Nutrition)

  • Protein – 7.0% min.
  • Fat – 0.7% min.
  • Fiber – 0.7% min.
  • Ash – 1.7% min.
  • Moisture – 85.0% min.

Final Thoughts

Remember that the best fish food for guppies is the primary essential material that needs our guppies. It is the key to have a beautiful color and good quality form of the bodies for our guppies. On the other hand, you need to check the quality content on it depends on what brands that you purchase. The high protein content must be better for our guppies.

Providing your guppies a good fish food requires monitoring and check the water parameters of your tank to avoid the impact of high ammonia levels. In conclusion, Change your water frequently after you feed them a high amount of fish food, especially the live food like tubifex worm, grindal worm, and daphnia to avoid the sickness of your guppies.

HOW TO MAKE GREEN WATER STARTER: 8 Steps to Have Unlimited Daphnia

Making a green water starter is one of the main problems for those guppy hobbyists and planning to start breeding guppies. They didn’t know how to start from scratch to culture their green water. But the question is where the green water came from?

The green water is found in any stagnant water or a swampy area that has no current or flow of water. The high intensity of sunlight gives the transformation of decaying substances into the green water.

Green Water Starter

The green water starter is coming from any decomposing material on the water such as poop, plants, or even dead animals. One of the samples is cow dung, which is needed to multiply the microplankton and required for a green water starter.

Producing green water is already given, meaning that it is already on our tank. Our fishes provide the green water in our tank. It is not intense yet but it will help to get the intense green water for your live food culture like daphnia.

However, if you didn’t get it. I will explain to you first. You must need to put tap water under the sunlight for long hours up to 1 week with a few fish. The excess feeds and poops will provide green water or else if you do change the water in your tank. It will become decays in your old water and it will slowly evolve into green water. If you are a fishkeeper, you already knew that.



Water Container for Green Water

The water container is one of the materials that you needed to start your green water culture for at least 15 to 20 inches deep. The water container help to mix easily your culture daily to avoid the unwanted smell in your culture.


Stock Water for Green Water

To generate green water starter, you need aged water for at least 24 hours before use. The water must be dechlorinated and remove the unnecessary chemicals mixed in the water like chlorine and other components.

It is highly suggested to use the water in the aquarium since it has a lot of microorganisms and bacteria that will be converted for the green water.


Rice Bran for Green Water

Rice bran comes from the rice milling process and it has a mixture substance including crude protein, fat, and many more. Besides, you will find the rice brand in any poultry shop near you.



Complete fertilizer has a 14-14-14 ratio of NPK and it contains 14% nitrogen, 14% phosphorus, and 14% potassium. Most of the farmers and gardeners use these fertilizers, especially in the rice fields.


Urea Fertilizer

The urea fertilizer contains a ratio of 46-0-0 which has 46% nitrogen, 0% phosphorus, and 0% of potassium. This fertilizer was also available in any garden shop.


Step 1:

Prepare the empty container for at least 15 inches to 20 inches of height. Clean the empty container with scrub and dishwashing liquid to remove the dirt or stain on it.

Step 2:

Pour the empty container with stock water. Remember that the stock water was aged for at least 24 hours. In short, any harmful chemicals mixed in the water will be dechlorinated.

Use stock water from the aquarium since it has already had decomposing materials like poop and feeds that may be converted to green water.

Step 3:

If you are done pouring the stock water, start to extract rice bran using an old cloth. Squeeze and extract many times the rice brand in the stock water until you will notice that the rice bran has already been mixed in the stock water.

Step 4:

Add 1 tablespoon of Concentrated Fertilizer (NPK 16-16-16) to the container.

Step 5:

Add 1 tablespoon of Urea Fertilizer (NPK 46-0-0) to the container.

Step 6:

Mix all the ingredients that you put in the container until the rice bran and fertilizers mixed up together.

Step 7:

Keep the culture under direct sunlight. Ideally, It is better to direct it to the sunlight for 4-6 hours to accumulate faster the substance in the mixture.

Step 8:

Remember to stir your green water every morning, noon, and afternoon to avoid the unnecessary smell in the green water mixture.

In this technique, you will have a green water culture/starter that you can use to propagate your chlorella. It is now easy to make green water if you have chlorella (green water with emerald green color).

Final Thoughts

Magna or moina daphnia loves green water because it has lots of microplankton or phytoplankton in the culture. Therefore, It is suggested to make this method before you get or buy a daphnia starter. Above all, this method is already proven and tested to multiply the daphnia culture.


Guppies are very attractive to our eyes, as we see them swim in our aquarium. These ornamental fishes are the solution for reducing our stress in daily life. Guppies have a lot of strains with different kinds of colors and this is the reason why they called a million fish or rainbow fish. This hobby is really enjoyable and easy to do. However, guppy breeding needs the right materials to prevents the cause of their stress and death.

Albino Full Red Guppy

As a guppy breeder, choosing good quality materials for guppy breeding is dedicated to their genetics. If the guppy strain came to a high-quality line their fries inherited the characteristic of their parents.

The decision for selecting a guppy breeder is important to avoid wasting money and time. Imagine that the low-quality guppies and high-quality guppies have the same time that you need to spend with them including their food that you feed them.

These are the “10 steps for guppy breeding” that I’d like to recommend especially for those newbies that want to start their guppy breeding. All the details that I like to share are base on my personal experience and It is effective for me.



Step 1: Selecting Guppy Strain

Selecting Guppy Strain
It is better to focus on one guppy strain to familiarize their habits and habitat.

The genetic line of the guppy (genes) is one of the most important that you need to know, especially the line of their parents. This is the first step that I’m doing if I have select guppy breeding materials.

Selecting guppy breeding materials will start with their strain, colors, and patterns. The high-quality male guppy has a characteristic with its long dorsal fin, wide tail, beautiful colors, and genetic line. While the female guppy selection was focus on their body shape and rounded tails.

Step 2: Guppy Breeding Ratio

Guppy Ratio Breeding
Guppy ratio has 2 kinds, either pair or trio. It gives the right balance for producing their fries.

Let’s say I’d like to start breeding a Dumbo Ear Mosaic Guppies and aside from their genetics, colors, and amazing fins. The ratio of the guppy breeders will result in the right balance of producing their fries. Yet, don’t forget that their body size relies on their age.

The pairing of the guppy fish is like the other species in the wild, one male and one female. It’s better to select a good quality pair guppy for their breeding session. However, the other guppy experts advise that the better ratio for guppy breeding is two females and one male. This kind of ratio is called “trio“, a term for those guppy experts that this kind of combination will produce a balanced amount of fries and maintain their quality line.

Step 3: Guppy Age

Guppy Age
It is best to choose a juvenile age of guppy, to prevent the better line of the guppy strain.

At they’re a young age, the one-month-old guppy starts to show their gender and colors. The guppy will able to starts their breeding at the age of one and a half months. You will start to notice the gender of the male guppy with his anal fin and a gravid spot for the female guppy.

It is important that your guppies start to breed at a very young age, it will maintain the high quality of their genes for the first up to third drops. If the guppy still breeding at their adult stage, the fourth generation onward has a big chance to drop low-quality fries which commonly called “Cull Guppies“.

Step 4: Avoid Sick Guppy

Guppy Fin Rot
Sample of sick guppy with fin rot.

It is crucial to determine if the guppies have sick or not, render a lot of time to check the guppy that you want to start breeding. Avoid picking a sick guppy before starting breeding, it is hard to notice if the guppy has sick especially for those newly guppy breeders, remember that you must know the characteristic of the sick guppy before you buy them. Clamp fin, ich (white spot), fin & tail rot, dropsy, mouth fungus, open wounds & swim bladder disorder are the common diseases that you will found in a guppy.

Selecting a healthy material for breeding guppies is needed to prevent their long life during guppy breeding. Healthy guppies can drop a healthy and high amount of guppy fries, it also prevents the high stress for female guppies after they giving birth to their fries.

Step 5: Guppy Breeding Tank

Guppy Breeding Tank

To start guppy breeding, you must prepare a tub or aquarium for the guppy’s new home. Remember that the water you pour on their new home is old or stock water. The water that has chlorine or other chemicals contained in the water will kill your guppy fish, so remember to dechlorinate your water for at least three days. Dechlorinate means to let the water in an open basin and the chlorine will evaporate. The water quality for them is necessary to avoid their sudden death.

After your prepare, add rock salt into the water. The amount of rock salt is one teaspoon per 5 gallons if you do a 100% water change or if the tub or tank is a new set-up. It will remove the unnecessary bacteria or parasites that stay in the water that may cause the diseases in your guppy fish. You can also add methylene blue to your guppy that you buy from other guppy breeders or pet shops.

Step 6: Water Acclimation

Acclimate Guppy Fish
Acclimate your guppies for 15-30 minutes and 1-2 hours if you bought in another town or country.

Our guppy needs to acclimate before they introduce themselves to their new home. It is important to match the water temperature from the water inside of the plastic to the new water tank.

However, if you suddenly put your guppies to the water and do not acclimate them, it has an instance that the guppies will experience temperature shock that will cause their death. The water acclimation procedure will last for 15-30 minutes.

Step 7: Water Temperature

Water Temperature for Guppy
Any kinds of thermometer are good for our tank. Make sure it is accurate.

Very cold water for our guppy will be worst for their health. 23-27 Celcius or 73-80 Fahrenheit temperature of the water will cause diseases for our guppy. Ideally, the suggested temperature for our guppy will be safe for 28-30 Celcius or 82-86 Fahrenheit.

It is better to have a shallow water level, and the guppy breeder will adjust to the cold temperature especially during the rainy season. Don’t forget to regular water change the tub to avoid an ammonia spike.

Step 8: Guppy Food

Guppy Fish Food
High crude protein is good for our guppies, especially live food that can boost the growth of them.

It is important to give them the right food and make sure to provide them a high protein feed or live food. Acquire a better diet for the guppy breeders that may boost their growth and produce a lot of fries.

Give them an exact amount of feed and live food that they consume immediately. Avoid overfeeding the guppies which should be affected to their health. Overfeeding may cause dropsy and internal parasite that harmful to our guppies. If they didn’t consume their food immediately, the water will be contaminated.

Step 9: Regular Water Change

Regular Water Change for Guppy
Regular water change for our guppies stays strong and healthy. Don’t forget to put rock salt.

Do not forget to water change often to avoid the stress and sickness of our guppies. It is ideal to clean the tub or tank every 3 days, remove the poop and other derbies circulating in the tank. It is equivalent to 30%-50% of water change every 3 days.

Make sure to add again a little amount of rock salt (just sprinkle) and water conditioner that available in any pet store. It will help the guppy become active and healthy.

Step 10:Giving Birth of Female Guppy

Female Guppy Giving Birth
After the giving birth of a female guppy and fries are ready to swim. Remove them to avoid eating them.

Female guppy will be pregnant after 2 weeks, start to monitor your female guppy and avoid them to remove on their tank that may cause stress or death. Start to monitor the pregnant guppies and put a floating plant in their tank as a hiding place for their babies.

After she gives birth to her fries, wait for 24 hours and check her tummy. If you notice that her tummy was already small, it’s time to separate the fries in another tub and the female guppy will rest for 1 week alone. After a week she will ready again for another breeding and repeat the process.